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Milky Dreams & Pearly Wheels - Lukas Bury, Berglind Jóna Hlynsdóttir, Claire Paugam, Una Björk Magnúsdóttir


"Milky Dreams and pearly wheels" takes place as part of the Museum Night at the AZE. This group exhibition is the second time that a cultural exchange between artists from NRW and Iceland has taken place. 


The works of Lukas Bury, Clair Paugam, Una Magnusdottir, and Berglind Jóna Hlynsdottir deal with the blurred image of the expectations of a journey. Whether an escape from everyday life or exile - the focus is on the overlaps between the familiar and the unusual or even the uncanny. At the center is a confrontation with the perception of the outside world and how this can be alienated. Perspectives are shifted and realities blur dangerously into fiction.


Nightmare Fuel - Laura Sundermann , Krzysztof Honowski,
Sóley Ragnarsdóttir, Bradley Davies


With Nightmare Fuel, Y Gallery presents four international positions for the first time in Reykjavik. Laura Sundermann, Krzysztof Honowski, Sóley Ragnarsdóttir, and Bradley Davies present approaches across mediums that reflect on the fantastical, the ornate, the horrifying, and the spaces between.


The exhibition deals concretely with the space of the Y Gallery as a non-place, divorced from its former function, yet placed within its dissonant echo. After all, if you look through either door to the gallery it will surely not be long before you see a car refuel. Indeed, it is only a matter of time before a driver comes in looking for chewing gum, only to find other nourishment herein.


The Y Gallery is suspended hauntologically between futures, the post-war vision of Iceland as a car country, and the present hopes of a green new world. People and machines pass through here constantly, but rarely come to rest here. This agitation is taken up in the exhibition in works that carefully consider an excess of imagination, the uneasy processing that envelopes the brain unexpectedly in the dead of night.


We are on the fluctuating border between mental and physical landscapes, where perception is distorted and shattered. In Laura Sundermann‘s The Mirror Works this takes the form of slick glass shards that conflate a traumatic accident in the artist‘s past with our strange post-pandemic present. The text that is splintered on the wall is sometimes from Christa Wolf‘s Cassandra, at other points from articles about reproductive medicine. It‘s hard to tell when you‘re flying through the air in the middle of a roadside collision.


Sóley Ragnarsdóttir‘s pieces hang suspended in the centre of the old shop floor of the gas station. These hearts are marked by precious stones and tied together with lace, (un)broken and furious with joy. Each work is also stuck in a night-time eclipse, like a tarot card revealing the unseen forces that you were only warned about in your sleep.


Krzysztof Honowski‘s three collages take their title from an ancient Lithuanian curse. If you walk in the Baltic countryside you should whisper Kota Rota Dota to ward off poisonous snakes. The pieces vacillate between comedy and abjection, while the imperfect 3D scanning employed in the rendering of the images reflects on the mythologies of flaws and curses. 


Bradley Davies‘ work See Through You reflects on the popular genealogy of nightmarish images. When you look at the tortured eyes that possess the image you cannot help but recall the work of Stanley Kubrick. Here one is confronted with the intrinsically discomfiting state of the uncanny: an image you know too well, but that can continue to possess your perception. Nightmare Fuel.


This exhibition is the evil twin of Milky Dreams & Pearly Wheels which will take place in November in Cologne, Germany and feature the works of Iceland-based artists Una Björg Magnúsdóttir, Claire Paugam, Lukas Bury, and Berglind Jóna Hlynsdóttir.

Pictures by Leifur Wilberg Orrason


Reasons to be Cheerful  - Dragutin Banic,
Francois Hinfray, Sóley Ragnarsdóttir

What may sound like a provocation at first glance is more of a condition here. 
All the reasons to be cheerful, for the winking eye of a friend, the time devoted to one, the long-cultivated craft. In this exhibition, three positions come together that differ mainly in their perspectives, yet they have something in common: the reference to our reality and a certain longing. And where longing is inherent, there is also hope. 
Clair Paugam, curator and friend, of mine, wrote in relation to the exhibition: 

“There is an unsettling sense of déjà vu, because the cultural allusions are not always obvious, nor should they be: we can all find something in them that is specific to each of us. The artworks are reflective, they re-evaluate the decorative and emphasize the beauty of everyday objects and gestures: a fundamental part of our lives, in the light.
Francois Hinfray, Soley Ragnarsdottir, and Dragutin Banic are above all empirical researchers, concerned with reviving the poetic in familiar structures so that the ordinary becomes extraordinary and we can breathe in it.
Once again, looking at art and feeling cheerful about it, why not?”

Dragutin Banic (*1979) lives and works in Cologne. He studied at the HBK Braunschweig from 2006 to 2012 and graduated as a master's student of Prof. Walter Dahn.
Dragutin’s painting is playful, poetic, and deceptive. Like a flaneur walking with his head down and his eyes open, his paintings invite us to take a path through alleys and backyards that one never had the courage to walk through before. Leftover bricks, open bins, stubbing cigarettes, or a glowing sign pointing to the back entrance of a cinema. Abstract settings meet allegorical conditions that point to something else.
Each of his works, large or small, looks quickly painted, even sloppy in execution. Painted with rabbit glue, pigment, oil pastel, or egg tempera, areas of color appear impulsively composed, and figurative elements are displayed as hasty actors in a kind of backyard comedy. And yet, it is quite different. Dragutin Banic takes his time. The biggest part of his practice is to look. The painting follows the mature gesture of an artist who is not afraid to take the time to really have a look.

The work of Francois Hinfray is no different as it may seem. In the apparent logic of the composition, the feigned orientation hides a deep moving longing and poetry. Be it the strict belief in color or in music. If one takes the time to look closely, these rhythms of which he speaks would be recognized. The rhythms of the pre-Columbian cultures, the Oceanians or the Aborigines. One spot is something like a sound, an inner, cosmic composition. Francois wrote about his works: 

“In the same way that a mandala is not a painting, traces in the sand of a Zen Garden not a drawing, a menhir, not a sculpture, I seek to provoke contact with a sacred, mysterious, timeless dimension, far removed from any unambiguous message.”1

It’s this intriguing ornamental, religious, and almost decorative aspect in his work that imparts a timeless quality. The decorative traditions of craftsmanship have long been positioned in opposition to the fine arts, and are also to be found in folk art, but Francois and Sóley are turning things on their head and drawing our attention to the artistic value of the decorative as something that also has the right to occupy a space in a contemporary exhibition. 

Sóley Ragnarsdóttir (b. 1991) is a Danish/Icelandic artist who lives and works in Thy. She graduated from the Städelschule in Germany, under Amy Sillman and Monika Baer. Behind her personal, political, and sculptural approach to painting, Soley is foremost an Artist who puts a large Amount of Time into her work. 
Nothing is lost, amber, shells, sea-cut glass shards, and marine sculpture are worked and appreciated to the smallest detail and processed into her paintings. Their meticulous dedication in the shadow of our wastes makes you forget for a moment the banality of our time. And just as anyone looking at a white wall sees, in some form, their own loneliness. Soley Ragnarsdottir sees the opportunity to remind you that there are plenty of reasons to be cheerful.

1. Artist Statement by Francois Hinfray 2023 2. Jean-Christoph Ammann “Die Utopie in sich selbst finden“ 1994


Christopher H. Gerberding

Der Traum als Materie - Jules Dumoulin, Charlie Malgat & Mathilde Ganancia, Mystery Train by Yoni Hong 


What is made of Dreams?



How do you navigate an idea? Even if you can’t be literal and sail a ship through it, you certainly require coordinates. And to interpret the coordinates that dreams give us has often seemed to require an oracle, or a learned disciple of Jung or Freud. Either precedent would incur a large bill, either to be paid by the vagaries of fate or, more hopefully, to be covered by insurance.


What is certainly at play is risk, which is what the curator Christopher Gerberding and the artists of The Dream as Material seek to confront in this expansive show. You are very literally sent around the houses of a studio complex in Ehrenfeld, in the West of Cologne. The show expands through a dream logic, with Charlie Malgat’s monumental work augmented by Mathilde Ganancia, and Yoni Hong’s magazine Mystery Train playing host to almost another group show in itself. Completing the set of dreamers is Jules Dumoulin, whose estranged fixtures attest to a quotidian surrealism, a nagging strangeness that we perceive sidereally, or from the corner of our eye, but never from its centre.


The refracted agglomerations, whether of artists, elements, or pathways, that The Dream as Material seeks to somehow call to (dis)order in this corner of western Germany bring with them the preoccupations of a society exhausted by the pandemic years. In their work the artists deal with questions of wellness, the escape rooms of the soul, and the sense that even though after having gone somewhere and now wanting to come back, that just doesn’t seem like an option any more. This is an exhibition of cross-purposes, unconscious perambulations, and unexpected detours. The things that actual dreams are made of.


But what, if anything, is made of dreams? A condition of ritual magic is that magic defends itself, and perhaps in this way we can look at dreams as the closest we get to a magical compact, if not as magic themselves. Dream of having sex with a close relative? You are just trying to make sense of an overbearing aspect of your relationship to them. Dreams withhold  linear logic, even if the latest corporate self-empowerment craze suggests that you can reach fulfilment by steering your dreams, taking control of them just as you should of every situation, in every single moment, of every single day. 


It’s enough to make you cynical. Since they are our mirror world, dreams are often bound up with the engagement of fantasy to engender innovation. Answers Come In Dreams. Yet instead of listening, we seem to be completely overwhelmed by confirmation bias. How do we employ LSD? A substance capable of harnessing the power of dreams in order to provide relief from trauma and  mental illness is instead becoming acceptable in corporate culture since it can speed up industrial processes, whether the development of electric cars, or micro-innovations in social media algorithms. It seems that money dreams the least. And while our societies lurch from crisis to crisis, who can blame anyone for trying to make the best of a bad situation? It might not be dreamy, but at least it’s not a nightmare… yet…


The Dream as Material encourages you to stop making yourself useful. The collective that has put this exhibition together encourage you instead to join them in a daydream, or a dérive, or a Müßiggang. These are dangerous manoeuvres that can seriously damage your sense of adherence to the centre of things, they make you drift off. Indeed they have been proven so dangerous that they seem to be strictly rationed in the contemporary to those who can either most afford them, or are willing to sacrifice the most to make use of them. You can’t be on the clock and have a wander, you have to at least pretend to check your phone, and that very important phone call just has to be taken outside in the sunshine. Welcome to inverse Calvinism. 


The ability to acknowledge and reflect that things are strange, rather than just experiencing things as stranger and stranger, is one thing, but letting things pass you by requires skill and dedication. In order to invent landscapes in the magnetic fields, the dreamer needs to sleep, and to stay dreaming. And to remain as such is to change something fundamental about how we interact with and maintain the everyday. Maybe the great things that we can make from the material of dreams are really not that hard to imagine?


Krzysztof Honowski, Cologne 2022

Mystery Train - Yoni Hong


Es ist keine lange Reise, die angegangen werden muss, um die alte Tankstelle zu erreichen. Aber auch keine besonders kurze. Immer weiter geradeaus, etwas abseits, zwei Brücken und ein starker Wind von rechts. Eine Wendeltreppe, das direkte Rauschen der Autobahn, getaggte Garagentüren und ein Neonlicht mit der Aufschrift “Mystery Train” lassen einen Wissen, dass wir angekommen sind.

Angekommen sind wir dennoch nicht, es ist nur der Anfang einer Reise, die kein Ende in Sicht hat. Es bleibt uns überlassen, ob wir draufspringen oder abspringen wollen.
Der Mystery Train rauscht weiterhin durch uns hindurch oder an uns vorbei.

Aber lasst uns für einen Augenblick zum Empirischen an diesen Ort zurückkehren, wo der aufgebrochene Asphalt und der leichte Dieselmotorgeruch uns ein Gefühl des deja-vu verleihen.
Es ist ein Ort der Anonymität, Einsamkeit und Entwurzelung - ein klassischer Transit-Ort.
Ein Nicht-Ort1, das ist nach Marc Augé ein Ort, an dem uns der Mangel an metaphysischen Qualitäten sofort auffällt – das seiner Identität, Relation und Geschichte. An diesem scheinbaren non-lieu können wir diese Eigenschaften jedoch wiederfinden. Die Tankstelle hat genauso viel Identität und Geschichte wie ein verrauchtes Motel am Rande der Stadt. Ausgerechnet an diesen Ort nimmt uns Yoni Hong auf eine Reise mit. Sie versetzt uns ein Stück weit nach Memphis, verwandelt die Tankstelle zu einem Portal, in das wir hinein schlendern können, ohne dabei geführt zu werden. Hong verwandelt den Ort, macht ihn nichtig. Sie raubt uns die Orientierung und vereinnahmt es uns mit Träumen, Welten und schwebenden formen.

Yoni Hong ist in Seoul geboren und hat in Ihrer Kindheit oft ihren Wohnsitz gewechselt, wodurch sie viele Plätze neu erleben und entdecken durfte.
Ihre Fantasie und Einfühlvermögen verleihen Ihr eine Sensibilität für Materialitäten und Formen, die sie schöpferisch in Videoarbeiten oder Installationen umsetzt. Ihr Ansatz gleicht dem von ArchitektInnen oder VideospieldesignerInnen. Ihre stärkste Fähigkeit liegt darin Räumen, Licht und Objekten eine Atmosphäre zu verleihen.

Was wird hier als Atmosphäre bezeichnet? Atmosphäre ist das Erste, was uns beim betreten eines Raumes trifft, sofortige Berührung, sofortige Ablehnung. Atmosphäre spricht unsere emotionale Wahrnehmung an2. Das erste Gefühl, das wir bekommen, die erste Erinnerung, die wir beim betreten eines uns unbekannten Raumes erhalten ist auf Atmosphäre zurückzuführen. Yoni Hong besitzt diese emotionale Wahrnehmung und sie verbindet wie eine Ingenieurin, Architektin oder Filmemacherin alle Elemente-Form, Material, Musik, Bewegung, Komposition, Text und alles, was man braucht, um den Träumen am nähesten zu kommen.

So wie JMW Turner 1844 zu John Ruskin sagte, kann auch Yoni Hong behaupten.
Atmosphere is my Style 3 

1(Augé, M. (2016). Non-lieux: Introduction à une anthropologie de la surmodernité. Éditions du Seuil.)
2 Zumthor, P. (2004). In Peter Zumthor - Atmosphären: Architektonische Umgebungen. die dinge um mich herum.

3Zumthor, P. (2004). In Peter Zumthor - Atmosphären: Architektonische Umgebungen. die dinge um mich herum.

The Holy Petrol Station of Imaginary Penitents - Krzysztof Honowski
269A0856 2.JPG

by Maggie Siebert

She’s digging through hard soil at the base of a modest tree. She’s pulling clumps of mushrooms from the earth and placing them in her mouth with her thumb and forefinger. Deliberate. Her flesh sits against her bones as if vacuum sealed. Her hair is a miasma of knots. She is naked and shuddering in the cold night air.

Beaten to shreds by sunlight, she traverses the public park where I have sometimes seen her in relative darkness. People amble down the path several yards ahead of me, but I am the only one who sees her. No one is used to seeing skin like hers anymore. She is scaled like a lizard, covered in big, dry, hardened patches which crack and reform and no longer shed. There is dirt caught between the layers. She could be aged like a tree if cut in half.

I do not yet know if she can see me. In truth, I am still uncertain of her humanity. I begin to approach her as if I’m trying not to startle a cat. After my first steps, she turns to face me, slow and deliberate. I see that she is, despite appearances, more like me than something else. I hold out my hand, and when she does not come to it I ask if she needs any help.

For a time she is silent. Then, in warbling but nevertheless clear tones, she says: “Will you bring me my coat?”
And before me is a coat where there was once only grass.

I pick it up and hand it to her. She pulls it around her shoulders and slumps backward onto the ground. I stand there unsure of what to do next until she punches the ground beside her once, hard, and gestures at me to sit with her open palm.

“I want to tell you about something that happened to me,” she says. So I sit and listen.

Many years ago she awoke floating atop a sea of people. They stood beneath her and guided her body with their hands. None of them were clothed. When she looked out to see where the ocean of bodies might end, she could see only the tops of heads far into the horizon. She panicked and tried to stand and run across them, but she immediately lost her balance. When she tried to pull herself forward, as if swimming, the people below flipped her onto her back. Paralyzed by fear, she allowed herself to float for a while, letting the hands carry her where they wanted. But soon bodies began to rise from the crowd, and she was no longer the only one lost at sea. She rejoiced, and the hands directed her closer to the new castaways, whom she embraced. And when she did she felt herself grow slick and it was the natural thing to pull them

inside her, or to insert herself inside them. As she did, more bodies rose to join them and the hands beneath pushed them faster and faster. And soon she could not tell herself from others. It was as if her tongue was many, her hands ever multiplying, a hot, pulsating, oppressive and sweet sensation flooding her senses until it all blended into skin: an endless, rolling wall, wet like the inside of a cheek in some places but covered in papules and moles and hair in others. She could not say how long she persisted in this state, whether weeks or decades. But after a time, perception itself started to give way. As her vision was about to give way to nothing but blinding white heat, she hit the ground hard.

I sit with her for a long time after she finishes her story. Just a little beyond us, the halogen lights illuminating a walkway flick off. The park is closed for the night. I wonder where she will sleep but decide I don’t actually care to know.

I ask her why she wanted to tell me all this.

She looks at the dirt before her and picks something out of her teeth. I wonder if she will speak at all. And then she looks at me and says, not out loud, but just in my head:

“I wanted someone to know that things are better for me now.”


If we opened people up, we'd find landscapes - Collectif Grapain, Claus Georg Stabe, Malte Taffner 

©Malte Taffner

©Malte Taffner

The sacred in a faulty printer

Some centuries ago, although not that many, the reality of an ordinary person was that of being in two places at once. The pre-industrial individual lived the reality of their life of work, as well as the reality of their belief in an active exchange with the divine. Here is an exhibition about how our lived reality has, in much the same way, crossed over with the digital. While they are not quite on a mystical quest, in the work of Collectif Grapain, Claus Georg Stabe, and Malte Taffner, we find a particular sensitivity for process. Brought together here are positions that contemplate what it takes to arrive somewhere in this world between the body and the machine, and what at times can go wrong along the way.

This meditation on the fallible is most explicit in the work of Claus Georg Stabe, where intricate penwork accumulates line after line into the illusion of a faulty machine photocopying memories of the sublime. Stabe’s dense Moiré effects, interrupted by ink drips, seem to contend with the desire to escape from form, into an expression of devotion to the trace that perception leaves on inner experience.1

Devotion in Stabe’s work is also to honour the shadow of the memory, to know how much infrastructure is necessary to begin to express the act of perception. Similarly Collectif Grapain seek to establish monuments for the hidden mess of the sleek contemporary. Instead of allowing the slowly obsolete ethernet cable to clog up another landfill, feeding the earth with microplastics, the artists compose contorted agglomerations of these cables into almost organic sculptural forms. This act suggests both a tribute to Moore’s law2 as well as a warning shot. If we opened people up we would find the dreams of previous generations in the shape of the metal remains of the balls of all their computer mice.

If we opened people up, we‘d find landscapes posits the possibility of an act of transparency, a baring: Instead of perceiving landscapes of desire at a distance,3 we can or perhaps even already do embody them.4 It is not in your head, but in your hands: make it happen. In this show by the curator Christopher Gerberding we find the dichotomy between verifiable knowledge and its application re-articulated in the disquieting way in which we have come to encounter it with unspeakable regularity throughout the pandemic.5 We cannot know what would happen if we opened people up, as they would be dead, and so no longer people. We can only trust in the potential of this poetic assertion, backed up by the work of Collectif Grapain, Claus Georg Stabe, and Malte Taffner. We cannot cure our doubt through edict, people would just see that as a challenge. Things are unpredictable, thumbs are opposable, the macro view varies appreciably from the microcosm. Each individual is a high-wire act, balancing between their privilege and the all consuming perfectionism of a data driven society. I think therefore I am. I know therefore I am confused. Oh God...6

Of the three artists in this show, Malte Taffner seems the least interested in what a landscape could come to mean, and looks rather at what a landscape actually is. Taffner’s work engineers natural processes and seeks to put them in relation to the planned zones of metaphorical thinking that make up the sites of the artworld. In this way his and Gerberding’s entreaties meet as complementary forces, whereby Taffner suggests that if people had the time to find landscapes, maybe they would open up.


Krzysztof Honowski, November 2021


1 See Jack Goldstein’s pursuit of the trace in his lecture at the Art Center College of Design, Pasadena, California, October 14, 1992
2 A 1965 observation by Intel’s Gordon Moore which accounts for why technology just keeps getting better and better.
3 pace the Ecstatic Landscapes of Werner Herzog
4 And one quickly comes to the relieving realisation that Christopher Gerberding is also suggesting that you cannot shell a human like a walnut without being a psychopath.

5 And who are we anyway? The people? The polis? The audience in collusion with curator? Here “we” allows us to perceive a togetherness, or a directness that we have only newly come to appreciate through it’s pandemic-induced denial.
6 Or perhaps “The word God”, which is the devotional authority that preoccupies Georges Bataille.

Foto credits :  ©Malte Taffner

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